Astronomy 630 – Planetary Systems Science – Spring 2013

Reading Materials

 

Introduction:

 

M 1/7    Introduction/organization (Video (only partial video for this lecture), Slides)

              Lecturer: Howard

              Topics: Organization and expectations for class, overview of Solar System

              Reading: none

 

W 1/9   Orbital Mechanics (Video, Slides)

              Lecturer: Howard

              Topics: 2,3 body problem, perturbations, Hill sphere, non-gravs, Tides, rotation, shape, tidal torques, orbital evolution

              Reading: Notes on orbital mechanics from K. Meech

              Supplementary reference: Chapter 2 of Planetary Sciences, 2nd Ed. by de Pater and Lissauer

                              (available in the library)

 

 

 

 

Solar System Basics:

                             

M 1/14  Orbit Determination (Video, no slides)   

              Lecturer: Dave Tholen

              Topics: Estimating an orbit from measurements

              Reading: none

              Supplementary references: Taff (1984), On Initial Orbit Determination, Astronomical Journal, 89, 1426

                                                                        Marsden (1985), Initial Orbit Determination: The PragmatistÕs Point of View, Astronomical Journal, 90, 1541.

 

W 1/16 Planetary gravity fields (Video, slides)

              Lecturer: Andrew Howard

              Topics: Planetary rotation, precession, gravity fields

              Reading: Section 2.5 of Planetary Sciences, 2nd Ed. by de Pater and Lissauer (library)

                              Sections 4.3, 4.5, 4.7 of Solar System Dynamics by Murray and Dermott (library)

 

W 1/23 The Sun (Video, slides)

              Lecturer: Shadia Habbal

              Topics: Overview of the Sun, solar magnetism, solar wind

              References: Textbooks: The Solar Corona by Golub and Pasachoff; Physics of the Solar Corona, by Aschwanden; Basic Space Plasma Physics by Baumjohann and Treumann; The Physics of Fluids and Plasmas, Choudhuri; Space Physics by Kallenrode

                              Articles on eclipse observations: Habbal et al., ApJ 734, 120 (2011); Habbal et al.,  ApJ 719, 1362 (2010); Habbal et al.,  ApJ 663, 598 (2007)

 

M 1/28  Solar Wind I (Video, slides, supplementary animation)        

              Lecturer: Shadia Habbal

              Topics: Interaction with planetary magnetospheres and ionospheres

              Handout: Notes: Inference of local plasma parameters in the corona (electron temperature, species temperature, electron density, outflow speed, non-thermal motions)

 

W 1/30 Solar Wind II (Video, slides, two supplementary vides of Comet LoveJoy: #1 and #2 )

              Lecturer: Shadia Habbal

              Topics: Interaction with minor bodies of the Solar System

              References: Baumjohann and Treumann, Basic Space Plasma Physics, Imperial College Press, 1999

                              Kallenrode, M. B., Space Physics, Springer, 2000

                              Luhmann, J., in Introduction to Space Physics, Kivelson & Russell  (eds), 1997

                              Hughes, W., in Introduction to Space Physics, Kivelson & Russell  (eds), 1997

                              Vidotto, A. A., MNRAS, 414, 1573 (2011)

                              Vidotto, A. A., Astron & Geophys, 54, February 2013

 

M 2/4    Student Led Discussion (Video)

              Topics: Solar System Basics

              Assignment: Discussion #1

 

 

 

 

Planet Formation:

 

W 2/6   Light Scattering basics (Video, slides)

              Lecturer: Karen Meech

              Topics: Albedos, scattering, Radiometry, Radiation pressure / Poynting Robertson / Yorp Effects

              Reading:   Notes scattering from surfaces from Karen Meech

                              Notes on forces affecting small particles from Karen Meech

                              Bidirectional Reflectance Spectroscopy, 2002, Icarus, by B. Hapke

                              The surface composition of Iapetus: Mapping results from Cassini VIMS, 2012, Icarus, by Clark et al.

                              The Near Infrared Spectrum of Miranda, 2002, Icarus, by Bauer et al.

                              Asteroid Space Weathering and Regolith Evolution, by Clark et al.

                              An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation by K. Liou

                              From paper in Physical Studies of Minor Planets, NASA Sp 267 (1971) by J. Veverka

                              Surface temparature of the nucleus of Comet 9P/Tempel 1, 2007, Icarus, by Groussin et al.,  

 

M 2/11  Protoplanetary disks/dust (Video, slides)

              Lecturer: Jonathan Williams

              Topics: Protoplanetary disk observations, Jeans collapse, planet forming constraints

              Reading: Protoplanetary Disks and their Evolution, by J. Williams and L. Cieza, 2011

                              Dynamics of Protoplanetary Disks, by P. Armitage, 2011

 

 

W 2/13 Isotopes in the Solar System (Video, slides)

              Lecturer: Gary Huss

              Topics: D/H and water, oxygen self shielding (meteorites), early heating

              Reading:  Marty, B. (2011).  The origins and concentrations of water, carbon, nitrogen and noble gases on Earth, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 313–314 (2012) 56–66

                              Grevesse N., Asplund M. and Sauval A. J. (2007) The solar chemical composition. Space Science Reviews 130, 105-114. - A discussion of solar system abundances from the perspective of astrophysics.

                              Lodders K. (2003) Solar system abundances and condensation temperatures of the elements. Astrophysical Journal 591, 1220-1247. - A comprehensive discussion of the solar system abundances or the elements from the perspective of a cosmochemist.

                              McKeegan K. D. et al. (2011) The oxygen isotopic composition of the Sun inferred from captured solar wind. Science 332, 1528-1532.

                              McSween H. Y. Jr. and Huss G. R. (2010) Cosmochemistry. Cambridge University Press. 549 pp. - Chapter 4 discusses solar system abundances. Chapter 5 discusses presolar grains. Chapter 6 discusses meteorite classification. Chapter 7 discusses chemical fractionations. Chapters 8 and 9 discuss solar system chronology with an emphasis on radiometric dating. Chapter 14 discusses cosmochemical models for the formation of the solar system.

                              Nittler L. R. (2003) Presolar stardust in meteorites: recent advances and scientific frontiers. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 209, 259-273. - A good accessible review of presolar grains in meteorites.

 

 

W 2/20 Planet formation (Video; slides)

              Lecturer: Nader Haghighipour

              Topics: Planetesimal growth, giant planet formation

              Reading:   Super-Earths: A New Class of Planetary Bodies, N. Haghighipour, Contemporary Physics, Vol. 52, No. 5, September–October 2011, 403–438

                              The Formation and Dynamics of Super-Earth Planets, N. Haghighipour, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, vol. 41 (May 2013)

                              J. Blum and G. Wurm, The growth mechanisms of macroscopic bodies in protoplanetary disks, Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 46 (2008), pp. 21–56.

                              A. Johansen, J.S. Oishi, M.-M. Mac Low, H. Klahr, Hubert, T. Henning, and A. Youdin, Rapid planetesimal formation in turbulent circumstellar disks, Nature 448 (2007), pp. 1022–1025.

                              J.N. Cuzzi, R.C. Hogan, and K. Shariff, Toward planetesimals: dense chondrule clumps in the protoplanetary nebula, Astrophys. J. 687 (2008), pp. 1432–1447.

                              E. Chiang and A.N. Youdin, Forming planetesimals in solar and extrasolar nebulae, Ann. Rev. Earth. Planet. Sci. 38 (2010), pp. 493–522.

                              Building Terrestrial Planets, Morbidelli, A.; Lunine, J. I.; O'Brien, D. P.; Raymond, S. N.; Walsh, K. J. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, vol. 40, issue 1, pp. 251-275

 

 

F 2/22   Planet dynamics (Video, with audio drop-out after 52 min; slides, starting on page #48)

              Lecturer: Nader Haghighipour

              Topics: Planetesimal growth, Grand Tack Model, NICE Model

              Reading: Solar System Dynamics, C. Murray and S. Dermott (available at IfA library)

                              (see also references from previous lecture)

 

 

M 2/25  Student Led Discussion (Video)

              Topics: Planet Formation, disks, isotopes in the Solar System

              Assignment: Debate!

 

 

 

 

Small Bodies:

 

W 2/27 Asteroids (Video; see reading below for the material projected in class)

              Lecturer: Dave Tholen

              Topics: Asteroid formation, classification, resonances, taxonomies, missions

              Reading: Asteroid Taxonomy

 

M 3/4    Icy Satellites (Video; slides)

              Lecturer: Kevin Hand

              Topics: Formation, physical properties, interesting cases:  Europa, Enceladus, Titan

 

W 3/6   Comets I  (Video, slides)

              Lecturer: Karen Meech

              Topics: Comet physics

              Reading:  Hearn et al. (2012), Cometary volatiles and the Origins of Comets, ApJ, 758:29

                              Mumma, M. and Charnley, S.B. (2011), The Chemical Composition of Comets – Emerging Taxonomies and Natal Heritage, Annual Reviews of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 49, 471

 

 

M 3/11  Comets II (Video, slides)

              Lecturer: Karen Meech

              Topics: Relation to early solar system, mission results

              Reading:  see readings above

 

W 3/13 NEA Hazards & surveys (Video, slides)   

              Lecturer: Rob Jedicke

              Topics: Hazard probability, statistics, characterization, mitigation

              Reading: NRC Report: Defending Planet Earth: Near-Earth Object Surveys and Hazard Mitigation Strategies

                              Observational Selection Effects in Asteroid Surveys and Estimates of Asteroid Population Sizes, by R. Jedicke

                              New Generation Ground-Based Optical/Infrared Telescopes, by A. Tokunaga & R. Jedicke

 

M 3/18  Student Lead Discussion (Video)

              Topics: Small bodies and impacts

              Assignment: Congressional Briefing (group signup)

 

 

 

 

Planetary Atmospheres and Interiors:

 

W 3/20 Atmospheric Structure (Video, slides)

              Lecturer: Andrew Howard

              Topics: Scale heights, thermal structure, escape & evolution, specific atmospheres

              Reading: Chapter 4 of Planetary Sciences by Lissauer & de Pater (available in the library)

                              Galileo: The Tour Guide

 

M 4/1    Exoplanetary atmospheres (Video, slides)

              Lecturer: Andrew Howard

              Topics: Measurements: detection and characterization

              Reading:                                          Exoplanet Atmospheres, by Seager & Deming, Annual Reviews of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 48, 631, 2010

                              Giant Planet Atmospheres, by Burrows & Orton, in Exoplanets (2010), ed. S. Seager (available in the library)

 

W 4/3   Giant Planet interiors (Video, slides)

              Lecturer: Andrew Howard

              Topics: Equations of state; ESP & SS examples

              Reading: Theory of Giant Planets, by W. B. Hubbard et al., Annual Reviews of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 40, 103, 2002

                              6.1 and 6.4 of Planetary Sciences by Lissauer & de Pater (available in the library)

                             

 

 

M 4/8    Ice in the Inner Solar System (from Surfaces block) [Video, slides]

              Lecturer: Norbert Schorghofer

              Topics:  Phase diagram, where is ice in SS, longevity, states of ice.

              Reading: The Science of Solar System Ices, by Murthy S. Gudipati and J. Castillo-Rogez Ed. Astrophysics and Space Science Library 356 (available in library) Springer 2013

                              Planetary Surface Processes, by J. Melosh, Cambridge University Press (2011)

 

W 4/10 Surface Processes: Glacial, Fluvial, Aeolian            (from Surfaces block) [Video, slides]

              Lecturer: Norbert Schorghofer

              Topics: Ice physics, comparison of Earth/Mars

              Reading: Planetary Surface Processes, by J. Melosh, Cambridge University Press (2011)

 

M 4/15  Terrestrial planet interiors (Video, slides)

              Lecturer: Andrew Howard

              Topics: Equations of state; ESP & SS examples, tectonics, magnetism

              Reading: Mass-Radius Relationships for Solid Exoplanets, by Seater et al., ApJ, 669, 1279, (2007)

                              Ocean Planet or Thick Atmosphere: On the Mass-Radius Relationship for Solid Exoplanets with Massive Atmospheres, by Adams et al., ApJ, 673, 1160 (2008)

                              6.2 and 6.3 of Planetary Sciences by Lissauer & de Pater (available in the library)

 

W 4/17 Impact Mechanics and cratering (from Surfaces block) [Video, slides]

              Lecturer: Brendan Hermalyn

              Topics: Cratering mechanics & energies, volatile loss, dating

              Reading: K. R. Housen, R. M. Schmidt, and K. A. Holsapple. Crater Ejecta Scaling Laws - Fundamental Forms Based on Dimensional Analysis. JGR, 88:2485–2499, Mar. 1983.

                              K. A. Holsapple. The scaling of impact processes in planetary sciences. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 21:333–373, 1993.

                              Gault, D. E. (1974, July). Impact cratering. In A primer in lunar geology (Vol. 1, pp. 137-175).

                              D. Stšffler, G. Ryder, Stratigraphy and Isotope Ages of Lunar Geologic Units: Chronological Standard for the Inner Solar System.  Space Science Reviews April 2001, Volume 96, Issue 1-4, pp 9-54

                              William K. Hartmann, Gerhard Neukum. Cratering Chronology and the Evolution of Mars.  Space Science Reviews April 2001, Volume 96, Issue 1-4, pp 165-194

 

M 4/22  Student Lead Discussion (Video)

              Topics: Planetary Interiors and Atmospheres

              Assignment: Mission Reports (Doodle poll)

 

 

 

 

Surfaces:

 

W 4/24 Volcanism (Video, slides)

              Lecturer: Jeff Taylor

              Topics: Volcanic processes, land forms, magma chemistry, climate effects

              Reading:

 

M 4/29  Dating techniques (Video, slides)

              Lecturer: Karen Meech

              Topics: radioactive decay processes + isotopes, impact crater dating, cosmic ray exposure ages

              Reading: Scaned book chapters

 

W 5/1   Student Lead Discussion (Video)

              Topics: Mars

              Assignment: Mars (Doodle poll)