Publications


Optical Science and Technology

R. Dekany, J. Roberts, R. Burruss, A. Bouchez, T. Truong, C. Baranec, S. Guiwits, D. Hale, J. Angione, T. Trinh, J. Zolkower, J. C. Shelton, D. Palmer, J. Henning, E. Croner, M. Troy, D. McKenna, J. Tesch, S. Hildebrandt & J. Milburn, "PALM-3000: Exoplanet adaptive optics for the 5-meter Hale Telescope," Astrophysical Journal, 776, 130, 2013.

C. Baranec, R. Riddle, N. Law, A. N. Ramaprakash, S. Tendulkar, K. Bui, M. Burse, P. Chordia, H. Das, J. Davis, R. Dekany, M. Kasliwal, S. Kulkarni, T. Morton, E. Ofek & S. Punnadi, "Bringing the visible universe into focus with Robo-AO," the Journal of Visualized Experiments, 72, e50021, 2013.

M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, K. Powell, T. Stalcup, D. McCarthy, C. Kulesa & E. Bendek, "A ground-layer adaptive optics system with multiple laser guide stars," Nature, 466, 727-729, 2010.

C. Baranec, "Design considerations for low-light level low-Fresnel number optical systems," Applied Optics, 48, 6259-6263, 2009.

C. Baranec, M. Hart, N. M. Milton, T. Stalcup, K. Powell, M. Snyder, V. Vaitheeswaran, D. McCarthy & C. Kulesa, "On-sky wide field adaptive optics correction using multiple laser guide stars at the MMT," Astrophysical Journal, 693, 1814-1820, 2009.

C. Baranec & R. Dekany, "Study of a MEMS-based Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor with adjustable pupil sampling for astronomical adaptive optics," Applied Optics, 47, 5155-5162, 2008.

C. Baranec, M. Lloyd-Hart & N. M. Milton, "Ground-layer wavefront reconstruction from multiple natural guide stars," Astrophysical Journal, 661, 1332-1338, 2007.

M. Lloyd-Hart, C. Baranec, N. M. Milton, T. Stalcup, M. Snyder & J. R. P. Angel, "Experimental results of ground-layer and tomographic wavefront reconstruction from multiple laser guide stars," Optics Express, 14, 7541-7551, 2006.

M. Lloyd-Hart, C. Baranec, N. M. Milton, T. Stalcup, M. Snyder, N. Putnam & J. R. P. Angel, "First tests of wavefront sensing with a constellation of laser guide beacons," Astrophysical Journal, 634, 679-686, 2005.

C. Baranec, B. Bauman & M. Lloyd-Hart, "Concept for a laser guide beacon Shack-Hartmann wave-front sensor with dynamically steered subapertures," Optics Letters, 30, 693-695, 2005.


Robo-AO Science

N. Law, T. Morton, C. Baranec, R. Riddle, G. Ravichandran, C. Ziegler, J. Johnson, S. Tendulkar, K. Bui, M. Burse, H. Das, R. Dekany, S. Kulkarni, S. Punnadi & A. Ramaprakash, "Robotic laser-adaptive-optics imaging of 715 Kepler exoplanet candidates using Robo-AO," Astrophysical Journal, in press, 2014.

P. Muirhead, A. Vanderburg, A. Shporer, J. Becker, J. Swift, J. Lloyd, J. Fuller, M. Zhao, S. Hinkley, J. S. Pineda, M. Bottom, A. Howard, K. von Braun, T. Boyajian, N. Law, C. Baranec, R. Riddle, A. N. Ramaprakash, S. Tendulkar, K. Bui, M. Burse, P. Chordia, H. Das, R. Dekany, S, Punnadi & J. A. Johnson, "Characterizing the Cool KOIs V. KOI-256: A Mutually eclipsing Post-common Envelope Binary," Astrophysical Journal, 767, 111, 2013.

J. Swift, J. Johnson, T. Morton, J. Crepp, B. Montet, D. Fabrycky & P. Muirhead*, "Characterizing the Cool KOIs. IV. Kepler-32 as a Prototype for the Formation of Compact Planetary Systems Throughout the Galaxy," Astrophysical Journal, 764, 105, 2013. *Robo-AO team and contributions not acknowledged.

E. Terziev, N. Law, I. Arcavi, C. Baranec, J. Bloom, K. Bui, M. Burse, P. Chorida, H. Das, R. Dekany, A. Kraus, S. Kulkarni, P. Nugent, E. Ofek, S. Punnadi, A. N. Ramaprakash, R. Riddle & S. Tendulkar, "Millions of Multiples: Detecting and Characterizing Close-Separation Binary Systems in Synoptic Sky Surveys," Astrophysical Journal Supplement, 206, 18, 2013.

N. Law, A. Kraus, R. Street, B. Fulton, L. Hillenbrand, A. Shporer, T. Lister, C. Baranec, J. Bloom, K. Bui, M. Burse, B. Cenko, H. Das, J. Davis, R. Dekany, A. Filippenko, M. Kasliwal, S. Kulkarni, P. Nugent, E. Ofek, D. Poznanski, R. Quimby, A. N. Ramaprakash, R. Riddle, J. Silverman, S. Sivanandam & S. Tendulkar, "Three New Eclipsing White-dwarf - M-dwarf Binaries Discovered in a Search for Transiting Planets Around M-dwarfs," Astrophysical Journal, 757, 133, 2012.


PALM-3000 Science

S. Hinkley, L. Pueyo, J. Faherty, B. Oppenheimer, E. Mamajek, A. Kraus, E. Rice, M. Ireland, T. David, L. Hillenbrand, G. Vasisht, E. Cady, D. Brenner, A. Veicht, R. Nilsson, N. Zimmerman, I. Parry, C. Beichman, R. Dekany, J. Roberts, L. Roberts, C. Baranec, J. Crepp, R. Burruss, K. Wallace, D. King, C. Zhai, T. Lockhart, M. Shao, R. Soummer, A. Sivaramakrishnan & L. Wilson, "The Kappa Andromedae System: New Constraints on the Companion Mass, System Age & Further Multiplicity," Astrophysical Journal, 779, 153, 2013.

B. Oppenheimer, C. Baranec, C. Beichman, D. Brenner, R. Burruss, E. Cady, J. Crepp, R. Dekany, R. Fergus, D. Hale, L. Hillenbrand, S. Hinkley, D. Hogg, D. King, E. Ligon, T. Lockhart, R. Nilsson, I. Parry, L. Pueyo, E. Rice, J. Roberts, L. Roberts, M. Shao, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, G. Vasisht, F. Vescelus, K. Wallace, C. Zhai & N. Zimmerman, "Reconnaissance of the HR8799 Exosolar System I: Near IR Spectroscopy," Astrophysical Journal, 768, 24, 2013.


Conference Proceedings

C. Baranec, R. Dekany, M. van Dam & R. Burruss, "PULSE: Palomar Ultraviolet Laser for the Study of Exoplanets," Proc. AMOS Technologies Conference, 2013.

C. Baranec, R. Riddle, N. Law, A. N. Ramaprakash, S. Tendulkar, K. Hogstrom, K. Bui, M. Burse, P. Chordia, H. Das, R. Dekany, S. Kulkarni, S. Punnadi & R. Smith, "Rise of the machines: first year operations of the Robo-AO visible-light laser-adaptive optics instrument," ibid.

C. Baranec, R. Riddle, N. Law, A. N. Ramaprakash, S. Tendulkar, K. Bui, M. Burse, P. Chordia, H. Das, R. Dekany, S. Kulkarni & S. Punnadi, "Robotic visible-light laser adaptive optics," AO4ELT3, 13321, 2013.

R. Dekany, C. Baranec, M. van Dam & R. Burruss, "PULSE: Palomar Ultraviolet Laser for the Study of Exoplanets," AO4ELT3, 13275, 2013.

R. Dekany, R. Burruss, C. Shelton, B. Oppenheimer, G. Vasisht, S. Metchev, J. Roberts, J. Tesch, T. Truong, J. Milburn, D. Hale, C. Baranec, S. Hildebrandt, M. Wahl, C. Beichman, L. Hillenbrand, R. Patel, S. Hinkley, E. Cady & I. Parry, "First exoplanet and disk results with the PALM-3000 adaptive optics system," AO4ELT3, 13289, 2013.

E. Cady, C. Baranec, C. Beichman, D. Brenner, R. Burruss, J. Crepp, R. Dekany, D. Hale, L. Hillenbrand, S. Hinkley, D. King, T. Lockhart, B. Oppenheimer, I. Parry, L. Pueyo, E. Rice, L. Roberts, J. Roberts, M. Shao, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, T. Truong, G. Vasisht, F. Vescelus, K. Wallace, C. Zhai & N. Zimmerman, "Electric field conjugation with the project 1640 coronagraph," Proc. SPIE Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VI, ed. S. Shaklan, 8864, 2013.

S. Severson, P. Choi, D. Contreras, B. Gilbreth, E. Littleton, L. McGonigle, W. Morrison, A. Rudy, J. Wong, A. Xue, E. Spjut, C. Baranec & R. Riddle, "KAPAO: a MEMS-based natural guide star adaptive optics system," Proc. SPIE MEMS Adaptive Optics VII, eds. S. Olivier, T. Bifano & J. Kubby, 8617, 2013.

C. Baranec, R. Riddle, A. N. Ramaprakash, N. Law, S. Tendulkar, S. Kulkarni, R. Dekany, K. Bui, J. Davis, M. Burse, H. Das, S. Hildebrandt & R. Smith, "Robo-AO: autonomous and replicable laser-adaptive-optics and science system," Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems III, eds. B. Ellerbroek, E. Marchetti & J-P. Véran, 8447, 2012.

R. Riddle, M. Burse, S. Tendulkar, C. Baranec, A. N. Ramaprakash, N. Law, R. Dekany, A. Rudy, M. Sitt, A. Arya & A. Papadopoulos, "The Robo-AO software: autonomous operation of a laser guide star adaptive optics system," ibid.

J. Roberts, R. Dekany, R. Burruss, C. Baranec, A. Bouchez, E. Croner, S. Guiwits, D. Hale, J. Henning, D. Palmer, M. Troy, T. Truong & J. Zolkower, "Results from the PALM-3000 high-order adaptive optics system," ibid.

C. Baranec, R. Riddle, A. N. Ramaprakash, N. Law, S. Tendulkar, S. Kulkarni, R. Dekany, K. Bui, J. Davis, J. Zolkower, J. Fucik, M. Burse, H. Das, P. Chordia, M. Kasliwal, E. Ofek, T. Morton & J. Johnson, "Robo-AO: An Autonomous Laser Adaptive Optics and Science System," OSA Conference on Adaptive Optics: Methods, Analysis and Applications, ed. J. Christou & D. Miller, Toronto, 2011.

A. Bouchez, R. Dekany, J. Roberts, J. Angione, C. Baranec, K. Bui, R. Burruss, E. Croner, S. Guiwits, D. Hale, J. Henning, D. Palmer, J. C. Shelton, M. Troy, T. Truong, J. K. Wallace & J. Zolkower, "Status of the PALM-3000 high-order adaptive optics system," Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II, eds. B. Ellerbroek, M. Hart, N. Hubin & P. Wizinowich, 7736-61, 2010.

A. Bouchez, R. Dekany, J. Angione, C. Baranec, K. Bui, R. Burruss, J. Crepp, E. Croner, J. Cromer, S. Guiwits, D. Hale. J. Henning, D. Palmer, J. Roberts, M. Troy, T. Truong & J. Zolkower, "Status of the PALM-3000 high-order adaptive optics system," Proc. SPIE Astronomical Adaptive Optics Systems and Applications IV, eds. R. Tyson & M. Hart, 7439B, 2009.

M. Hart, M. Milton, C. Baranec, T. Stalcup, K. Powell, E. Bendek, D. McCarthy & C. Kulesa, "Wide-field astronomical image compensation with multiple laser-guided adaptive optics," Proc. SPIE Adaptive Coded Aperture Imaging, Non-Imaging, and Unconventional Imaging Sensor Systems, eds. S. Rogers, D. P. Casasent, J. J. Dolne, T. J. Karr & V. L. Gamiz, 7468, 2009.

M. Hart, M. Milton, K. Powell, C. Baranec, T. Stalcup, E. Bendek, D. McCarthy & C. Kulesa, "Wide-field image compensation with multiple laser guide stars," Proc. AMOS Technologies Conference, 2009.

C. Baranec, "High-order wavefront sensing system for PALM-3000," Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems, eds. N. Hubin, C. Max & P. Wizinowich, 7015, 2008.

A. Bouchez, R. Dekany, J. Angione, C. Baranec, M. Britton, K. Bui, R. Burruss, J. Cromer, S. Guiwits, J. Henning, J. Hickey, D. McKenna, A. Moore, J. Roberts, T. Trinh, R. Tripathi, M. Troy, Tuan N. Truong & V. Velur, "The PALM-3000 high-order adaptive optics system for Palomar Observatory," ibid.

M. Milton, M. Hart, C. Baranec, T. Stalcup, V. Vaitheeswaran, D. McCarthy & R. Angel, "Commissioning the MMT ground-layer and laser tomography adaptive optics systems," ibid.

M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, T. Stalcup, K. Powell & K. Hege, "Ground-Layer Adaptive Optics with Multiple Laser Guide Stars," Proc. AMOS Technologies Conference, 2008.

C. Baranec, M. Lloyd-Hart, M. Milton, T. Stalcup, M. Snyder, V. Vaitheeswaran, D. McCarthy & R. Angel, "Astronomical imaging using ground-layer adaptive optics," Proc. SPIE Astronomical Adaptive Optics Systems and Applications III, eds. R. Tyson & M. Lloyd-Hart, 6691, 2007.

C. Baranec, M. Lloyd-Hart & M. Meyer, "Loki: a ground-layer adaptive optics high-resolution near-infrared survey camera," ibid.

M. Milton, M. Lloyd-Hart, J. Bernier & C. Baranec, "Real-time atmospheric turbulence profile estimation using modal covariance measurements from multiple guide stars" ibid.

M. Lloyd-Hart, C. Baranec, N. M. Milton & T. Stalcup, "Closed-loop results from the MMT's multi-laser guide star adaptive optics system," Proc. AMOS Technologies Conference, ed. S. Ryan, Wailea, E66-E74, 2007.

C. Baranec, M. Lloyd-Hart, M. Milton, T. Stalcup, M. Snyder & R. Angel, "Adaptive optics using multiple guide stars," Symposium on Seeing, Kona, 2007.

C. Baranec, M. Lloyd-Hart, M. Milton, T. Stalcup, M. Snyder & R. Angel, "Tomographic reconstruction of stellar wavefronts from multiple laser guide stars," Proc. SPIE Advancements in Adaptive Optics II, ed. B. Ellerbroek & D. Bonaccini, 6272, 2006. (Presentation)

M. Lloyd-Hart, T. Stalcup, C. Baranec, M. Milton, M. Rademacher, M. Snyder, M. Meyer & D Eisenstein, "Scientific goals for the MMT's multi-laser-guided adaptive optics," ibid.

C. Baranec, M. Lloyd-Hart, M. Milton, T. Stalcup, M. Snyder & R. Angel, "Tomographic reconstruction of stellar wavefronts from multiple laser guide stars," MMTO Science Symposium, Tucson, 2006.

C. Baranec, M. Lloyd-Hart, M. Milton, T. Stalcup, M. Snyder, N. Putnam & R. Angel, "Ground layer wavefront reconstruction using dynamically refocused Rayleigh laser beacons," OSA Conference on Adaptive Optics: Analysis and Methods, ed. B. Ellerbroek, Charlotte, 2005. (Presentation)

M. Lloyd-Hart, R. Angel, C. Baranec, T. Stalcup, M. Milton, M. Snyder & N. Putnam, "Development of multi-laser guide star adaptive optics for extremely large telescopes," ibid.

M. Lloyd-Hart, C. Baranec, N. M. Milton, T. Stalcup, M. Snyder, N. Putnam & R. Angel, "Tests at the MMT of Multi-Laser Guide Star Wavefront Sensing for Advanced Adaptive Optics," Proc. AMOS Technologies Conference, 2005.

C. Baranec, M. Lloyd-Hart, M. Milton, T. Stalcup, J. Georges, M. Snyder, N. Putnam & R. Angel, "Progress towards tomographic wavefront reconstruction using dynamically refocused Rayleigh laser beacons," Proc. SPIE Advancements in Adaptive Optics, ed. D. Bonaccini, B. Ellerbroek & R. Ragazzoni, 5490, 1129-1137, 2004. (Poster) - Best Student Poster Paper Award.

T. Stalcup, J. Georges, M. Snyder, C. Baranec, N. Putnam, M. Milton, R. Angel & M. Lloyd-Hart, "Field tests of wavefront sensing with multiple Rayleigh laser guide stars and dynamic refocus," ibid, 1021-1032.

C. Baranec, M. Lloyd-Hart, J. Codona & M. Milton, "Sky demonstration of potential for ground layer adaptive optics correction," Proc. SPIE Astronomical Adaptive Optics Systems and Applications, ed. Robert K. Tyson & M. Lloyd-Hart, 5169, 341-348, 2003. (Poster)


Dissertation

C. Baranec, "Astronomical adaptive optics using multiple laser guide stars," University of Arizona, 2007. (Presentation)


Articles

"Seeing Stars with Robots," Marcus Woo, Engineering & Science, LXXV, Winter 2012.

"Seeing Deep Into Space," American Institute of Physics/Discoveries and Breakthroughs Inside Science, Ivanhoe Newswire, December 2011.

"Eyes on the sky," Greg Blackman, Electro Optics, October 2011.

"For a true picture," R. Ramachandran, Frontline, October 2011.

"Multiple laser guide star adaptive optics," C. Baranec, SPIE newsroom, 2009.

"New vistas in Adaptive Optics," R. Tyson, A. Bouchez & C. Baranec, SPIE newsroom video, 2009.


White Papers

C. Baranec, R. Dekany, S. Kulkarni, N. Law, E. Ofek, M. Kasliwal & V. Velur, "Deployment of low-cost replicable laser adaptive optics on 1-3 meter class telescopes," Astro2010: The Astronomy and Astrophysics Decadal Survey, 2009.

N. Law, S. Kulkarni, R. Dekany & C. Baranec, "Planets Around M-dwarfs - Astrometric Detection and Orbit Characterization," ibid.


Patents

Baranec, C. & Riddle, R, "Compact Laser Projection Systems and Methods," US Patent application serial #13/842,996, filed March 15th, 2013. Patent pending.

Baranec, C. & Riddle, R, "Robotic Adaptive Optics and Laser Systems and Methods for Correcting Atmospheric Distortion," US Patent application #13/842,441, filed March 15th, 2013. Patent pending.

Riddle, R. & Baranec, C., "Systems and Methods for Modularized Control of Robotic Adaptive Optics and Laser Systems," US Patent application #13/843,265, filed March 15th, 2013. Patent pending.

Riddle, R. & Baranec, C., "Laser Beam Guidance Systems and Methods," US Patent application #13/843,112, filed March 15th, 2013. Patent pending.


Contributions

GMT Conceptual Design Report, Chapter 9, Adaptive Optics.


Upcoming Talks

Boston University, Boston, MA, April 16th, 2014.
Yale Astronomy Colloquium, New Haven, CT, April 17th, 2014.
UCSB Astrophysics Seminar, Santa Barbara, CA, May 21st, 2014.

Past Talks

'Imiloa Manua Kea Skies Talk, Hilo, HI, December 20th, 2013.
Caltech Astronomy Colloquium, Pasadena, CA, December 4th, 2013. (Multimedia Presentation)
UCLA Astrophysics Colloquium, Los Angeles, CA, November 13th, 2013.
Keck Observatory Headquarters, Waimea, HI, September 26th, 2013.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite science meeting, Cambridge, MA, May 19th, 2013. (Presentation)
Rochester Institute of Tecnology, Physics and Center for Detectors Colloquium, Rochester, NY, April 30th, 2013. (Presentation)
Pasadena Postdoc Retreat, Lake Arrowhead, CA, April 25, 2013.
Rochester Institute of Technology, Center for Imaging Science, Rochester, NY, February 5th, 2013.
Institute for Astronomy Colloquium, Monoa, HI, January 15th, 2013.
Institute for Astronomy Tech Talk, Hilo, HI, January 14th, 2013.
Palomar Science Meeting, Pasadena, CA, November 15th, 2012.
Observational Cosmology Lunch Seminar, Pasadena, CA, November 15th, 2012.
Rochester Institute of Technology, Center for Detectors, Rochester, NY, November 7th, 2012.
Center for Adaptive Optics Fall Science Retreat, Lake Arrowhead, CA, November 3th, 2012.
Friends of Palomar talk, Palomar Mountain, CA, October 6th, 2012.
Institute for Astronomy Tech Talk, Hilo, HI, September 26th, 2012.
Institute for Astronomy Colloquium, Monoa, HI, September 24th, 2012.
Carnegie Institution for Science, Pasadena, CA, September 21st, 2012.
Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network Science Seminar, Goleta, CA, September 20th, 2012.
Caltech Astronomy Tea Talk, Pasadena, CA, September 17th, 2012.
Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, July 20th, 2012.
NOAO FLASH, Tucson, AZ, June 22nd, 2012.
Center for Adaptive Optics Fall Science Retreat, Lake Arrowhead, CA, November 12th, 2011.
UC-CfAO Adaptive Optics Seminar, UC Berkeley, October 4th, 2011.
Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune, India, August 22-25, 2011.
Integrity Applications Inc., Ann Arbor, MI, July 25th, 2011.
Friends of Palomar talk, Palomar Mountain, CA, June 25th, 2011.
NOAO ReSTAR Phase 2 Preselection Meeting, Tucson, AZ, November 15th, 2010.
Center for Adaptive Optics Fall Science Retreat, Lake Arrowhead, CA, October 30th, 2010.
National Central University, Jhongli, Taiwan, October 28th, 2010.
OPT Astronomy Symposium, Palomar Mountain, CA, July 10th, 2010.
Caltech Astronomy Tea Talk, Pasadena, CA, May 17th, 2010. (Presentation)
Ay 122 Guest Lecture, Pasadena, CA, February 18th, 2010. (Presentation)
Center for Adaptive Optics Fall Science Retreat, Lake Arrowhead, CA, November 7th, 2009.
Physics and Astronomy Colloquium, Pomona College, CA, November 3rd, 2009.
Caltech Astronomy Tea Talk, Pasadena, CA, March 30th, 2009. (Presentation)
Optical Sciences Community Speakers Series, Tucson, AZ, August 24th, 2007. (Presentation)
MPE Colloquim, Garching, Germany, June 25th 2007.
MPIA, Heidelberg, Germany, May 12th 2007.
General Dynamics, Ann Arbor, MI, April 16th 2007.
Optical Sciences Industrial Affiliates, Tucson, AZ, March 3rd 2007.
Steward Observatory Internal Symposium, Tucson, AZ, Februay 28th 2007.